Product Certification is an activity by which a third-party gives written assurance that a product. process orservice conforms to specified requirements (ISOIIEe Guide 2:1996, Standardization and related activities – General
Product certifIcation involves the issuance of a certificate or mark (or both) to demonstrate that a specific product meets a defined set of requirements for that product, usually specified in a standard. The certification mark is normally found on the product packaging (label) and may also appear on the certificate issued by the certification body. The mark carries a reference number or name of the relevant product standard against which the product has been certified. In Ghana, the Ghana Standards Authority (GSA) is the National Statutory body. and is mandated under NRCD 173, 1973. to undertake conformity assessment activities. The GSA (third party) then gives permission for the conforming product to bear a mark of conformity which is the GSA’s Quality Mark, Mark of Conformity or Certification Mark To the Ghanaian consumer, evidence of compliance with specification is mostly associated with GSA’s Mark of Conformity. A product bearing this mark carries a third-party guarantee that: Assures that the product has been inspected, tested and conforms to the requirements of an accepted standard.
Production has been supervised and controlled. Assures safety and value for money. Each Stage in this process brings the manufacturer does to gaining permission to use the GSA’s Product Certification Mark or Marie: of conformity on his or her product(s). The figure below (Figure I) presents a summary of the major steps involved for a manufacturer to go through before she/he can acquire the GSA’s Certification Mark. Consumers require the assurance that products and services conform and comply with national regulations. This means that consumers need enough evidence to show that relevant product requirements are met. These confidence levels can only be realized through conformity assessment of processes, products or services to fulfillment of requirements and relevant standards. These standards safeguards consumers and provides basis for certification schemes in protecting the health and safety of Ghanaians.